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Python将numpy数组插入到sqlite3数据库中

发布时间:  来源:互联网  作者:匿名  标签:error Python insert numpy array into sqlite3 database exception IT资讯 numpy pytho  热度:37.5℃

本文介绍了Python将numpy数组插入到sqlite3数据库中的处理方法,对大家解决问题具有一定的参考价值,需要的朋友们下面随着小编来一起学习吧!

问题描述

我正在尝试在 sqlite3 数据库中存储大约 1000 个浮点数的 numpy 数组,但我不断收到错误InterfaceError:错误绑定参数 1 – 可能不受支持的类型”.

I’m trying to store a numpy array of about 1000 floats in a sqlite3 database but I keep getting the error “InterfaceError: Error binding parameter 1 – probably unsupported type”.

我的印象是 BLOB 数据类型可以是任何类型,但它绝对不适用于 numpy 数组.这是我尝试过的:

I was under the impression a BLOB data type could be anything but it definitely doesn’t work with a numpy array. Here’s what I tried:

import sqlite3 as sql
import numpy as np
con = sql.connect('test.bd',isolation_level=None)
cur = con.cursor()
cur.execute("CREATE TABLE foobar (id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, array BLOB)")
cur.execute("INSERT INTO foobar VALUES (?,?)", (None,np.arange(0,500,0.5)))
con.commit()

是否有另一个模块可以用来将 numpy 数组放入表中?或者我可以将 numpy 数组转换为 SQLite 可以接受的 Python 中的另一种形式(比如我可以拆分的列表或字符串)?性能不是优先事项.我只是想让它工作!

Is there another module I can use to get the numpy array into the table? Or can I convert the numpy array into another form in Python (like a list or string I can split) that sqlite will accept? Performance isn’t a priority. I just want it to work!

谢谢!

推荐答案

您可以使用 sqlite3 注册一个新的 array 数据类型:

You could register a new array data type with sqlite3:

import sqlite3
import numpy as np
import io

def adapt_array(arr):
    """
    http://stackoverflow.com/a/31312102/190597 (SoulNibbler)
    """
    out = io.BytesIO()
    np.save(out, arr)
    out.seek(0)
    return sqlite3.Binary(out.read())

def convert_array(text):
    out = io.BytesIO(text)
    out.seek(0)
    return np.load(out)


# Converts np.array to TEXT when inserting
sqlite3.register_adapter(np.ndarray, adapt_array)

# Converts TEXT to np.array when selecting
sqlite3.register_converter("array", convert_array)

x = np.arange(12).reshape(2,6)

con = sqlite3.connect(":memory:", detect_types=sqlite3.PARSE_DECLTYPES)
cur = con.cursor()
cur.execute("create table test (arr array)")

通过此设置,您可以简单地插入 NumPy 数组,而无需更改语法:

With this setup, you can simply insert the NumPy array with no change in syntax:

cur.execute("insert into test (arr) values (?)", (x, ))

并直接从 sqlite 检索数组作为 NumPy 数组:

And retrieve the array directly from sqlite as a NumPy array:

cur.execute("select arr from test")
data = cur.fetchone()[0]

print(data)
# [[ 0  1  2  3  4  5]
#  [ 6  7  8  9 10 11]]
print(type(data))
# <type 'numpy.ndarray'>

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