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如何使用 Oracle 10 g Forms 发送电子邮件

发布时间:  来源:互联网  作者:匿名  标签:error How to send email using Oracle 10 g Forms exception IT资讯 oracle plsql send  热度:37.5℃

本文介绍了如何使用 Oracle 10 g Forms 发送电子邮件的处理方法,对大家解决问题具有一定的参考价值,需要的朋友们下面随着小编来一起学习吧!

问题描述

我制作了一个我想要的表格,当我点击按钮时它会发送电子邮件我从互联网上获得电子邮件的代码

i make a form i want when i click on button it send email i get a code for email from internet

    CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION FSC.SEND_MAIL
(pIssuer IN VARCHAR2,
pReceiver IN VARCHAR2,
pSender IN VARCHAR2,
pSubject IN VARCHAR2,
pMessage IN VARCHAR2) RETURN VARCHAR2 IS

c utl_smtp.connection;
respuesta utl_smtp.reply;
pServer VARCHAR2(50) := '192.168.0.6';

BEGIN

-- Open the connection to the mail server
c := utl_smtp.open_connection(pServer);
respuesta := utl_smtp.helo(c, pServer);

-- Start the Issuer mail.
respuesta := utl_smtp.mail(c, pSender);

-- Starts Receiver
respuesta := utl_smtp.rcpt(c, pReceiver);

respuesta := utl_smtp.open_data(c);
-- Enter the email header
utl_smtp.write_data(c, 'From: ' || pIssuer || utl_tcp.CRLF);
utl_smtp.write_data(c, 'To: ' || pReceiver || utl_tcp.CRLF);
-- Enter the Subject
utl_smtp.write_data(c, 'Subject: ' || pSubject || utl_tcp.CRLF);
-- Write the message text.
utl_smtp.write_data(c, utl_tcp.CRLF || pMessage);
utl_smtp.write_data(c, utl_tcp.CRLF || '.');

respuesta := utl_smtp.close_data(c);

-- Close connection
respuesta := utl_smtp.quit(c);

RETURN '0';

EXCEPTION
WHEN utl_smtp.transient_error OR utl_smtp.permanent_error THEN
utl_smtp.quit(c);
RETURN sqlerrm;
--raise_application_error(-20000,
-- 'The sending of the email has failed by returning the following error: ' || sqlerrm);
WHEN OTHERS THEN
RETURN sqlerrm;
END;
/

我在 sql 中创建了这个函数并且它成功运行但是当我执行时没有电子邮件发送到我想要的地址

i make this function in sql it and it was successfully run but when i execute then no email send to my desire address

declare

begin

dbms_output.put_line(SEND_MAIL('usmanafb@ctm.com.pk','usmanafb@ctm.com.pk','usmanafb@ctm.com.pk','Testing','email message'));
end;

我使用本地交换发送电子邮件,该服务器的 IP 地址为 192.168.0.6

i use my local exchange for eamil sending and the ip address of that server is 192.168.0.6

此代码中的第二个问题,当我在 Oracle 10 g 表单中创建相同的函数时,它给了我这个错误

the second issue in this code when i make same function in Oracle 10 g forms then it give me this error

utl_tcp.CRLF 是不能直接访问远程包

推荐答案

我使用这个通用程序来发送邮件.它还支持附件(仅限纯文本),邮件不限于 32767 个字符.

I use this general procedure to send out mails. It also supports attachment (plain text only) and mails are not limited to 32767 characters.

如果您根本不需要附件,删除它应该没有问题.

If you don’t need attachments at all, it should be no problem for you to remove it.

PRIORITY_HIGH           CONSTANT INTEGER := 1;
PRIORITY_NORMAL         CONSTANT INTEGER := 3;
PRIORITY_LOW            CONSTANT INTEGER := 5;


PROCEDURE SendMail(
    Subject IN VARCHAR2, 
    Message IN OUT CLOB, 
    ToMail IN VARCHAR2,   
    FromMail IN VARCHAR2, FromName IN VARCHAR2,
    Attachment IN OUT CLOB, FileName IN VARCHAR2,
    Priority IN INTEGER DEFAULT PRIORITY_NORMAL) IS

    MIME_BOUNDARY   CONSTANT VARCHAR2(50) := '====Multipart.Boundary.689464861147414354====';
    MIME_MIXED      CONSTANT VARCHAR2(50) := 'multipart/mixed;';
    MIME_TEXT       CONSTANT VARCHAR2(50) := 'text/plain;';
    MIME_HTML       CONSTANT VARCHAR2(50) := 'text/html;';  
    MAIL_HOST       CONSTANT VARCHAR2(50) := '192.168.0.6'; -- try also 'mailhost'

    con UTL_SMTP.connection;
    ret UTL_SMTP.reply;
    Charset VARCHAR2(20);
    Footer VARCHAR2(1000);

    ClobLen PLS_INTEGER;
    amount BINARY_INTEGER := 8192;
    buffer VARCHAR2(16384);
    offset PLS_INTEGER := 1;
    isHTML BOOLEAN := REGEXP_LIKE(DBMS_LOB.SUBSTR(Message, 1000, 1), '<(html)|(body)', 'i');

BEGIN

    SELECT UTL_I18N.MAP_CHARSET(VALUE)
    INTO Charset
    FROM V$NLS_PARAMETERS
    WHERE PARAMETER = 'NLS_CHARACTERSET';

    -- setup mail header
    con := UTL_SMTP.OPEN_CONNECTION(MAIL_HOST, 25);
    ret := UTL_SMTP.helo(con, SYS_CONTEXT('USERENV', 'DB_DOMAIN')); -- assuming your database is in the same domain as your mail server
    ret := UTL_SMTP.Mail(con, FromMail);
    ret := UTL_SMTP.rcpt(con, ToMail);
    -- simply call "UTL_SMTP.rcpt(con, ...);" again in order to add further recipient
    ret := UTL_SMTP.open_data(con);

    IF FromName IS NOT NULL THEN
        UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, 'From: "'||FromName||'" <'||FromMail||'>'||Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
    ELSE
        UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, 'From: <'||FromMail||'>'||Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
    END IF;
    UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, 'To: <'||ToMail||'>'||Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
    --  UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, 'Cc: <'||CcMail||'>'||Utl_Tcp.CRLF);       
    UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, 'Subject: '||Subject||Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
    UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, 'X-Priority: '||Priority||Utl_Tcp.CRLF);

    IF Attachment IS NOT NULL AND FileName IS NOT NULL THEN
        UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, 'Mime-Version: 1.0' || Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
        UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, 'Content-Type: '||MIME_MIXED||' boundary="'||MIME_BOUNDARY||'"' || Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
        UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, 'This is a multipart message in MIME format.' || Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
        UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, '--'||MIME_BOUNDARY || Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
    END IF;

    Footer := 'Message from '||SYS_CONTEXT('USERENV', 'DB_NAME')||' sent at '||TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss');
    IF isHTML THEN
        UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, 'Content-type: '||MIME_HTML||' charset='||Charset || Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
        Message := REPLACE(message, '</body>', '<p>'||Footer||'</p></body>');
    ELSE 
        UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, 'Content-type: '||MIME_TEXT||' charset='||Charset || Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
    END IF;

    -- Mail Body
    UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
    ClobLen := DBMS_LOB.GETLENGTH(Message);
    LOOP
        EXIT WHEN offset > ClobLen;
        DBMS_LOB.READ(Message, amount, offset, BUFFER);
        UTL_SMTP.write_raw_data(con, UTL_RAW.cast_to_raw(BUFFER));
        offset := offset + amount;
    END LOOP;   
    UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
    IF NOT isHTML THEN
        UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, Utl_Tcp.CRLF || Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
        UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, Footer);
        UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
    END IF;

    IF Attachment IS NOT NULL AND FileName IS NOT NULL THEN
        -- Mail Attachment
        UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
        UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, '--'||MIME_BOUNDARY || Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
        UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, 'Content-Type: '||MIME_TEXT||' name="'||Filename||'"'|| Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
        UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, 'Content-Disposition: attachment; filename="'||Filename||'"'|| Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
        UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, Utl_Tcp.CRLF);

        offset := 1;
        ClobLen := DBMS_LOB.GETLENGTH(Attachment);
        LOOP
            EXIT WHEN offset > ClobLen;
            DBMS_LOB.READ(Attachment, amount, offset, BUFFER);
            UTL_SMTP.write_raw_data(con, Utl_Raw.cast_to_raw(BUFFER));
            offset := offset + amount;
        END LOOP;
        UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
        UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, '--'||MIME_BOUNDARY||'--' || Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
    END IF;

    -- finish mail
    ret := UTL_SMTP.close_data(con);
    ret := UTL_SMTP.quit(con);

EXCEPTION
    WHEN UTL_SMTP.TRANSIENT_ERROR OR UTL_SMTP.PERMANENT_ERROR THEN
        UTL_SMTP.quit(con);
        RAISE;
END SendMail;

请注意,不要错过 UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, UTL_TCP.CRLF) 行.它们看起来是多余的,但大多数都是必需的!还有礼貌的消息,如这是 MIME 格式的多部分消息”.需要在附件的情况下正确显示您的邮件.

Just a note, do not miss the UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, UTL_TCP.CRLF) lines. They are looking redundant, however most of them are required! Also courtesy message like “This is a multipart message in MIME format.” is needed for proper display of your mail in case of attachments.

如果您仍然遇到问题,请在 UTL_SMTP 上的每个函数调用之后制作 dbms_output.put_line(ret.code||': '||ret.text);.

If you still face problems make a dbms_output.put_line(ret.code||': '||ret.text); after each function call on UTL_SMTP.

这里是相同的程序,但根据您的需要进行了简化:

Here the same procedure but reduced to your needs:

FUNCTION SendMail(
    Subject IN VARCHAR2, 
    Message IN VARCHAR2, 
    FromMail IN VARCHAR2, FromName IN VARCHAR2, 
    ToMail IN VARCHAR2) RETURN VARCHAR2 IS

    MIME_TEXT       CONSTANT VARCHAR2(50) := 'text/plain;';
    MIME_HTML       CONSTANT VARCHAR2(50) := 'text/html;';  
    MAIL_HOST       CONSTANT VARCHAR2(50) := '192.168.0.6'; -- try also 'mailhost'

    con UTL_SMTP.connection;
    ret UTL_SMTP.reply;
    Charset VARCHAR2(20);
    isHTML BOOLEAN := REGEXP_LIKE(DBMS_LOB.SUBSTR(Message, 1000, 1), '<(html)|(body)', 'i');

BEGIN

    SELECT UTL_I18N.MAP_CHARSET(VALUE)
    INTO Charset
    FROM V$NLS_PARAMETERS
    WHERE PARAMETER = 'NLS_CHARACTERSET';

    -- setup mail header
    con := UTL_SMTP.OPEN_CONNECTION(MAIL_HOST, 25);
    ret := UTL_SMTP.helo(con, SYS_CONTEXT('USERENV', 'DB_DOMAIN')); -- assuming your database is in the same domain as your mail server
    ret := UTL_SMTP.Mail(con, FromMail);
    ret := UTL_SMTP.rcpt(con, ToMail);
    ret := UTL_SMTP.open_data(con);

    UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, 'From: "'||FromName||'" <'||FromMail||'>'||Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
    UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, 'To: <'||ToMail||'>'||Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
    UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, 'Subject: '||Subject||Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
    UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, 'X-Priority: 3'||Utl_Tcp.CRLF);

    IF isHTML THEN
        UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, 'Content-type: '||MIME_HTML||' charset='||Charset || Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
    ELSE 
        UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, 'Content-type: '||MIME_TEXT||' charset='||Charset || Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
    END IF;

    -- Mail Body
    UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, Utl_Tcp.CRLF);
    UTL_SMTP.write_raw_data(con, UTL_RAW.cast_to_raw(Message));
    UTL_SMTP.write_data(con, Utl_Tcp.CRLF);

    -- finish mail
    ret := UTL_SMTP.close_data(con);
    ret := UTL_SMTP.quit(con);
    RETURN '0';    
EXCEPTION
    WHEN UTL_SMTP.TRANSIENT_ERROR OR UTL_SMTP.PERMANENT_ERROR THEN
        UTL_SMTP.quit(con);
        RETURN SQLERRM;
END SendMail;

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